Surgery PT vs.
IVDD Dogs with paralyzed legs, wait until off of all meds and no pain is surfacing to start a program of very light range of motion and massage.
Conservative Dogs (Meds + rest + time treatment)
|The surgical procedure removed the offending disc material away from the spinal cord area. One of the benefits of surgery is that active PT can be started as soon as the surgeon directs.||Protection of the healing disc and preventing additional aggravation to the nerves depends on STRICT rest and limited movement of the neck and back.|
|The surgeon’s directed PT for wobbly dogs might be the walk to and from the potty place.||Dogs with paralyzed legs, wait til off of all meds and no pain is surfacing.|
|At home full range of motion (ROM) and massage for the surgery dog.||Limited to the very, very lightest of range of motion (ROM) and massage to maintain principals of limited movement.|
|At home water therapy, underwater treadmill||For the walking dog, the very fewest of footsteps at potty time are sufficient to keep joints flexing and maintaining circulation in muscles.|
After graduation, it is safe for the healed disc to begin active rehab and PT for wobbly legs and those with paralyzed legs same as surgery dogs can do.
Light range of motion and massage
For the conservatively treated dog with paralyzed legs when off all meds and no evidence of pain
By Giuliana G. Lerch, BS, LVT, CCRP, Member AARV, LIVMA, Four Leg Rehab, Inc., Academy of Physical Rehabilitation Veterinary Technician (proposed) – organizing committee, Veterinary Medical Center of Long Island
WALKING, WOBBLY DOG
Dogs on conservative treatment crate rest who are not paralyzed are able to move around a bit in the crate and at potty time to keep their joints and muscles toned. No additional therapy is necessary.
DOG WITH PARALIZED LEGS
When off of all meds and no pain surfaces, then the very light least aggressive range of motion (ROM) can be given to paralyzed legs. This light ROM is in keeping with the principles of limited movement to the back/neck during conservative treatment. Check with your vet before starting.
Illustration reprinted with permission by the copyright owner, Hill’s Pet Nutrition, from the Atlas of Veterinary Clinical Anatomy.
- ▼ ROM for paralyzed legs during conservative treatment when no pain, no meds
Have your dog lie on its side on the floor with a blanket, towel or on his bed to provide a safe, firm, stable and supportive surface.
Step 1 Warm up stroke technique:
Starting at the hip, cup your hand and “pet” your dog from the hip to the foot, repeat 10 times. You may use a soft bristled brush if your dog has a lot of fur.
Step 2 Massage- hamstrings, quads, etc:
- Use a kneading motion to the hamstrings (back of the leg) and quadriceps (front of the leg) for 3-5 minutes.
- Rub feet (area between the ankle and paw) up to 1 minute- it is okay if your dog kicks a little. If it is excessive kicking movement, discontinue.
- Toe touch, lightly between toe pads up to 1 minute to stimulate the nerves- it is okay of your dog kicks a little, if it is excessive discontinue.
Step 3 Leg pump: This will help maintain flexibility in the joints and stimulate muscle tone
- Hold the hock (ankle which bends opposite of human’s) and support the stifle (knee) with your other hand. In a slow and controlled motion, flex and extend the limb at the hock while supporting the stifle with your other hand. Repeat 10-15 times.
- Hold at the carpus (paw) and with your other hand support at the hock (ankle). In a slow and controlled motion, flex and extend the hock joint in an even plane. Repeat 10-15 times
.Step 4 Cool down: Repeat Step 1 “Warm up stroke” then repeat Steps 1- 4 for other leg
Step 5 Hip Exercise.
Place one hand on the hip and use your other hand to support the leg. Move the leg gently it back and forth up to 15 times. You may also try to move the hip joint in semi circles up to 15 times
Step 6 Toe Exercise: Move each toe up and down 10 times.